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The Movement of Surrealism in Art

The art movement that began in the inter war years, and known to be the last major art movement associated with Ecole de Paris is Surrealism. It was deemed as one of the most fashionable art movements to spread across Europe and eventually it became of the most influential school or styles of avant-garde-art.

Its history goes to say that the name ‘Surrealism’ was derived from the sub title of a play named Drame Surrealiste, and evolved out of the nihilistic anti-art Dada movement. Most of the members of this movement became surrealists. It advocated for a more positive philosophy and was not so much influenced by politics.

The exhibitions and art galleries make all sorts of art forms available to the common to enjoy and appreciate. Mark Borghi is one such art enthusiast and the owner of fine arts galleries at three places. The gallery programs showcase all sorts of forms of art from contemporary, to abstract, etc. one of his gallery has also exhibited wall sculpture using parts of old vintage cars.

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Surrealism is also termed as a subconscious creativity that involves hallucinations, dreams, basically all the random and imagined things. In other words, any thought that is not connected to realism or rationalism. This is what motivated the surrealists to create bizarre, innovative, unimaginable pieces of art.

Surrealism is primarily of two types: Abstract and Figurative. In the abstract form there is no use of geometric forms or shapes so that the emotional impact is conveyed in a strong way. The works of Andre Masson, Joan Miro, Robert Matta and others are great examples of this genre. The style of surrealism is to show imagery of real life but on an unimaginable location or form. Automatic painting, frottage, decalcomania and grattage are some of the other techniques deployed by the surrealism artists.

Andre Breton is called the ‘Pope of Surrealism’ as he founded the movement and was the chief theorist of the movement. It was the theories of Sigmund Freud that majorly influenced the philosophy of Surrealism. It was concept of unconsciousness by Freud that impressed the surrealists most, as that seemed to them the most promising with a lot of untapped imagery and pictures. The boundaries between fantasy and reality were being eliminated with this line of thought. In fact, the negative thought processes like fear, eroticization and desire could also be address with the help of this theory.

The European fine art artists were more in favor of imaginative eccentricity and obsession rather than rational academic work. In the nineteenth century, the surrealists rejected Impressionism, to them the Pre-Raphaelite and Symbolist works were more appealing. The works of Max Klinger that portrayed off-key paintings and nightmarish etchings, and Paul Gauguin that showed oceanic primitivism are great exhibits of surrealism.

These various art forms have fought with a lot of adversities to survive through the ages and can only remain alive till there exists people like Mark Borghi who are a huge art fanatic and appreciator of various art forms. His loyalty to this field of interest is reflected in the exhibitions held at his art galleries in and around New York.